Lakes

[edit] Notable lakes

  • Lake Michigan-Huron is the largest lake by surface area: 117,350 km². It also has the longest lake coastline in the world: 8,790 km. If Huron and Michigan are considered two lakes, Lake Superior is the largest lake, with 82,414 km². However, Huron is still has the longest coastline at 6,157 km (2980 km excluding the coastlines of its many inner islands). The world’s smallest geological ocean, the Caspian Sea, at 394,299 km² has a surface area greater than the six largest freshwater lakes combined, and it frequently cited as the world’s largest lake.
  • The deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia, with a bottom at 1,637 m. Its mean depth is also the greatest in the world (749 m)
    It is also the world’s largest lake by volume (23,600 km³, though smaller than the Caspian Sea at 78,200 km³), and the second longest (about 630 km from tip to tip).
  • The longest freshwater lake is Lake Tanganyika, with a length of about 660 km (measured along the lake’s center line).
    It is also the second deepest in the world (1,470 m) after lake Baikal.
  • The world’s oldest lake is Lake Baikal, followed by Lake Tanganyika (Tanzania).
  • The world’s highest lake is the crater lake of Ojos del Salado, at 6,390 metres (20,965 ft).[9] The Lhagba Pool in Tibet at 6,368 m (20,892 ft) comes second.[10]
  • The world’s highest commercially navigable lake is Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia at 3,812 m (12,507 ft). It is also the largest freshwater (and second largest overall) lake in South America.
  • The world’s lowest lake is the Dead Sea, bordering Israel, Jordan at 418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level. It is also one of the lakes with highest salt concentration.
  • Lake Huron has the longest lake coastline in the world: about 2980 km, excluding the coastline of its many inner islands.
  • The largest island in a freshwater lake is Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, with a surface area of 2,766 km². Lake Manitou, located on Manitoulin Island, is the largest lake on an island in a freshwater lake.
  • The largest lake located on an island is Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island.
  • The largest lake in the world that drains naturally in two directions is Wollaston Lake.
  • Lake Toba on the island of Sumatra is located in what is probably the largest resurgent caldera on Earth.
  • The largest lake located completely within the boundaries of a single city is Lake Wanapitei in the city of Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
    Before the current city boundaries came into effect in 2001, this status was held by Lake Ramsey, also in Sudbury.
  • Lake Enriquillo in Dominican Republic is the only saltwater lake in the world inhabited by crocodiles.
  • Lake of the Ozarks is one of the United States largest man made lakes, created by the Bagnell Dam [11]

[edit] Largest by continent

The largest lakes (surface area) by continent are:

Note: Lake Maracaibo is considered by far the largest lake in South America. It, however, lies at sea level with a relatively wide opening to sea, so it is better described as a bay.

[edit] See also

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